Quercus coccinea, falcata, ilicifolia, imbricaria, marilandica, rubra, velutina
Leaf galls, detachable
Black Oak Wheat. Cluster of up to 40 bursting out of midrib in early Oct, dropping when mature.
On Q velutina. Also on Q coccinea, ilicifolia, imbricaria, rubra, falcata, marilandica. Adults emerged Mar 13- Apr 22 the second spring (IL). Galls burst out of a crack in the midrib in a group and drop early in Oct. Dr Hopkins referred to them as "black oak wheat" as poultry were feeding on them. They are said to contain 63.9% carbohydrates and 9.34% protein. The photo is of isolated galls after a winter outside in breeding cage.
- LH Weld: (1959) Cynipid galls of the eastern United States©